Screenfold Press Authors

Alan Ferg completed his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1976 and his Master of Arts in 1980, both in anthropology from the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arizona. He initially did contract archaeology with the Arizona State Museum and two private firms, followed by curatorial work with the Central Arizona Project Repository. Since 1992 he has been the Archivist at the Arizona State Museum Archives, University of Arizona, Tucson. He continues to research historic Southwestern Native American ceramics, material culture, rock art and archaeology. He is currently on the Editorial Board of American Indian Art Magazine and is the Editor for the Arizona Archaeological Society's annual monograph series, The Arizona Archaeologist.

Author Virginia WaylandVirginia Wayland (1909-2001) began her research on the history of playing cards around 1956. With her husband, Harold Wayland (1909-2000), a Caltech Professor of Engineering Science, she had frequent opportunities to travel. She took advantage of those trips to pursue her interest in cards. In Alsace in 1959, Virginia saw her first pack of Native American cards in the Deutsches Spielkarten-Museum. This pack of Apache cards painted on rawhide so intrigued her that, on returning to California, she inquired at the Southwest Museum in Los Angeles, and discovered four Apache packs in their collection. This led to Virginia's first technical publication, a 1961 article on Apache playing cards in The Masterkey, a seminal paper that is still in print.

Author Harold Wayland

Another early focus was a 1686 pack of English cards illustrating "How to Carve at the Table," which intrigued Harold as well because the topic converged with his own hobby of cooking. His research to locate early recipes that could accompany each of the cards eventually led to the 1962 publication of their beautiful book Of Carving, Cards & Cookery. Handprinted on a private hand-press, with deckle-edged pages and a small number of the finished volumes bound in simulated vellum, Of Carving, Cards & Cookery was honored in 1968 by the New York Public Library as one of the finest books of the 1960s.

This collaboration launched the Waylands' secondary midlife career, with the result that they eventually published over sixty articles and books on various aspects of the history of playing cards. They also played a constant, significant role in the International Playing-Card Society (IPCS), starting with its inception in 1972. Virginia served as the fourth President from 1979 to 1983. In 1989 she was named an Honorary Fellow.

Virginia and Harold worked in three main areas: English cards, Japanese cards, and Native American cards. The English packs that interested them were those published in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries at a time when card playing was generally frowned on, but cards that had some educational merit were acceptable. They privately published two more books, The Winstanley Geographical Cards and Francis Barlow's Sketches for the Meal Tub Plot Playing Cards, and more than thirty articles appearing in The Playing-Card, the journal of the IPCS, on twentyfour packs of educational, political, and pastime cards published or sold by John Lenthall in England in the first half of the 1700s.

The major contribution that the Waylands made to the study of Japanese cards was The Dragons of Portugal, co-authored by Virginia with Sylvia Mann in 1973. It is the definitive work on the diffusion of cards and card designs from Portugal to the Orient in the sixteenth century.

Over the years, Native American cards continued to intrigue the Waylands. They located nearly one hundred complete or partial packs of cards. Virginia's studies culminated in a comprehensive manuscript on all Native American cards, which she completed in 1985 at age 74. Perhaps the most important contribution of the study is, like The Dragons of Portugal, its documentation of how playing cards were introduced to one culture by another, and the ensuing evolution of changes that occurred in card motifs. In this case, it was the introduction of cards by Spaniards to Apache groups in what is now northern Mexico and the American Southwest. This encyclopedic work is finally available as Playing Cards of the Apaches: A Study in Cultural Adaptation.

Author Tobi Lopez TaylorTobi Lopez Taylor, author of The Polish and Russian Arabians of Ed Tweed's Brusally Ranch, is an award-winning writer and editor. Trained as an anthropologist, she has Bachelor's and Master's degrees from Arizona State University. She has published more than fifty pieces of poetry, fiction, and nonfiction in national publications, including American Indian Art Magazine, Arabian Visions, Archaeology Magazine, Archaeology Southwest, Blood-Horse, Concho River Review, Dressage Today, and Horse Illustrated. Her work appears in the anthologies An Apple a Day and In My Life: Encounters with the Beatles. She is the coauthor of Layers of History: The Archaeology of Heritage Square, which won an Arizona Governor's Award in Historic Preservation. She is also a recipient of the Sprint Award for excellence in equine journalism for an article on historic Rillito Racetrack. Currently the editor of American Indian Art Magazine, she has also served as editor of Kiva: The Journal of Southwestern Anthropology and History and Archaeology Southwest Magazine. Taylor lives on a small ranch outside Tucson, Arizona. She can be reached through her website,

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